An infinite number of rectangles may be generated, each with a right triangle inscribed as shown:

such that the lengths of the sides of the various right triangles are integers.

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Right triangle **BEF**:

Perimeter

Area

Inradius

Rectangle **ADCB**

The diagonal is

If we want the diagonal to be an integer, then

needs to be a square

giving us m = n = 1

For the continuation, see Paul’s solution below (in the comment section)

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It can be shown that in the arrangement above the main diagonal (BD or AC) can never be integer using the (m, n) notation. However there are arrangements that do have an integer main diagonal.

In m, n notation the main diagonal is 4 Sqrt[m^2 n^2 (m^4 – m^2 n^2 + n^4)], solving for this to equal a square gives m = n = 1 to Infinity the value of the square follows 2 t^2 for all t. This means in all those where there are m – n would equate to zero. here are 2 solutions

Format is first 3 numbers are the middle triangle (BEF)

next 3 are (EDF), then (AEB) and then (BCF)

964 is main diagonal for both.

{507, 676, 845}, {{357, 360, 507},{476, 480, 676},{123, 836, 845}}, 964

{595, 600, 845}, {{357, 476, 595},{360, 480, 600},{123, 836, 845}}, 964

Paul.

Nice work!

However in that arrangement AE is not equal to ED.